Evolution Of Urdu Language

Evolution Of Urdu Language

To understand the particular language we have to understand what precisely language means. For a layman I might call language a medium to communicate with people. Comprehensively language is not just the alternate of words somewhat it is communication of feelings, expressions, and beliefs. This may be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes or even obscure or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the start of evolution of mankind. In several instances the modes of communication among the many mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to specific refers to language. It includes the words which can be unsaid and expressed by actions. Due to this fact history of languages might be studied in detail by the research of countries and tribes. There was a powerful impact of languages on the cultural habits of nations all around the world. Languages have evolved ever for the reason that first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago different modes of communication have been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This additional revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

"It is completely safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to "natural choice", so long as we realize that there isn't a substance to this assertion, that it amounts to nothing more than a perception that there is some naturalistic clarification for these phenomena." [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We cannot trace back in time that a sure language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages were formed and altered gradually. Languages have rapidly modified as well. The greatest reason of change in language is because of socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show speedy changes. The cultures which are remoted in a tribe or in a geographical area show a sluggish change in language. If there is a lack of interaction there's a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from other cultures.

Language and culture

If man would not have been interacting withother civilizations and culture there would haven't any development of language. Language will not be the invention of isolation; quite it is the creation of socialization. For every growing, developed or grown tradition there has been an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the occasions of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to totally different ethnic backgrounds having completely different dialects. Their languages advanced right into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu in the present time. Urdu is a derivative of a number of languages which were spoken by the military of the Mughals. These soldiers have been:

Turkish
Arabs
Pathans
Balochi
Afghans
Persians
Rajputs
Jats
The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word meaning army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of army or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution in the language Urdu has resulted due to the interplay of various dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was evolved within the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan household language includes Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was evolved to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary phase, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form an image of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims within the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a clear distinction in the languages as Urdu had certain words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit did not have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims in the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu became the official language of the states dominated by Mughals. This laid a powerful impact on the tradition of India and further revolutionized the language to present a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.
• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These have been Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule within the subcontinent words of English also grew to become a part of it. This change was not that apparent due to the clash with their rule.

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