Tulum: The Wall Of The Caribbean

Tulum: The Wall Of The Caribbean

Tulum is considered some of the representative places of Quintana Roo. Might it be because of the spectacular view it gives to the Caribbean Sea with its incredible turquoise tones? Or is it perhaps because of the vestiges of the enigmatic Mayan tradition that lie in it? Positioned south of the city of Cancun, it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and received the distinction of Magic Town in 2015.
According to information from INAH, in the sixteenth century Tulum had the name of Zama , which means ‘morning’ or ‘sunrise’; but through the years it acquired its current name, which interprets as ‘wall’ or ‘palisade’.

This magical town is part of a big pre-Hispanic settlement to which the site of Tancah also belongs, positioned three kilometers to the north. Archaeological research indicate that it was one of many most important Mayan cities between the thirteenth and 14th centuries.
The archaeological zone
One of many most important attractions of Tulum is the archaeological zone, which receives more than one million vacationers each year. The place is situated at kilometer 230 of the Chetumal-Cancun federal highway and will be easily accessed by federal highway 370.

In case you journey to Cancun, practically all the hotels provide the tour to know Tulum and different sights of the area. One of the benefits of these tours is the assistance of the guides, who supply a detailed rationalization of the history of the site.
The walled enclosure has 25 principal buildings, between temples and palaces; all have been explored and restored by INAH researchers. In addition, it has a number of the finest preserved mural paintings in the Mayan world.

The buildings have the type known as Costa Oriental, attribute of the submit-classical architecture of that region. There are miniature temples, shrines within shrines (small buildings within a bigger one), buildings with deliberately collapsed walls, as well as palaces with flat roofs and halls that changed the vaulted roofs characteristic of older Mayan buildings.

Many of the constructions of the archaeological zone are guarded of their entrances by the representation of a descending god, which appears to have been the protective deity of the city. This god is a illustration of the God of Corn and is considered associated to the birth and rebirth of humans as a corn plant, a metaphor that will have been present in the concept of the city itself, which looks towards the place of sunrise.
In accordance with the investigations carried out to this point, it is believed that upon the arrival of the Spaniards, the Tulum-Tancah space may have had a inhabitants of up to 15,000 individuals and could have been inhabited for approximately 750 years.

The main hallmark of Tulum is the wall that delimits the principle complex on its north, south and west sides, while the jap sector faces the Caribbean Sea; It has 5 entrances and watchtowers.

The site is presided over by El Forgedillo, the highest basement, which preserves a temple with three entrances decorated with serpentine columns and zoomorphic masks on the corners. In entrance, there's a platform for dances, and to the southwest is the Temple of the Initial Series.
To the north is the Temple of the Descending God, with a small basement on which a building decorated with the image of that deity, the primary iconographic ingredient of the site, was built. Dealing with this set is the principle road.
One of the buildings with larger transcendence is the Temple of the Frescoes, whose mural paintings portray a series of supernatural beings residing in the underworld; These constitute one of the crucial necessary testimonies of prehispanic Mayan mural painting.
While walking the road, you can see the palaces known as the House of Columns and the House of the Halach Uinik.
Within the northeast access, the Casa del Cenote paperwork the significance that the Mayans gave to the aquatic cult linked to the cenotes, and close to there may be the Temple of the God of the Wind, named for its circular base, associated to Kukulcán.
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